Roman Empire Governed from York
The Roman world was governed from wherever the emperor was located.
This first time was when the emperor Septimius Severus lived in
Severus, known as the African Emperor because he was born in what is now
Severus brought with him his wife, Julia Domna, and their sons Caracalla and Geta. In 198 Caracalla had been declared co-emperor, a status also bestowed on Geta, in
Severus died in York on February 2, 211. This was a moment of enormous significance as emperors were considered halfway between men and gods, and he was given a suitably lavish send-off. Soldiers threw gifts as the late emperor’s body clad in military garb was consumed by the flames of the funeral pyre.
It is said that on his death bed Severus advised his sons to treat the army well and ignore everyone else. Caracalla and Geta, as co-emperors, returned to
Caracalla named Eboracum as the capital of upper Britain (Britannia Inferior) when the country was divided into two provinces, and this is probably what led to the city being granted the highest status of Roman city, that of Colonia.